What does one mean by Liver Function Tests?
It determines liver health by measuring proteins, liver enzymes, and bilirubin levels in the blood. It is also called ‘Liver Chemistries.’ In the following, it is recommended checking damage from liver infections along with monitoring the side effects of certain medications and diseases. Also, If you drink alcohol heavily and having gallbladder disease then also Liver Function Test is recommended.
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Common Liver Functions Tests:
- ALT test
It is used
by the body to metabolize protein. It can be released into the blood if the
liver is not working. It increases the level of ALT. An ALT above 33 IU/L in
males and 25 IU/L (international units per liter) in females typically requires
- AST test
several parts of the body, an enzyme is found in the heart, liver, and muscles.
It measures along with ALT to check liver problems.
AST can be
released into the bloodstream when the liver is damaged. A high result on an
AST test indicates a problem with the liver or muscles.
range varies up to 40 IU/L in adults and may be higher in young children.
- ALP test
Phosphatase is an enzyme found in bones, bile ducts, and the liver. This test
is ordered in combination with several other tests.
ALP indicates liver inflammation or bone disease.
range is typically up to 120 U/L in adults.
- Albumin test
protein made by the liver is Albumin. It performs:
- It stops fluid from leaking out
of your blood vessels.
- It nourishes
- It transports hormones,
vitamins, and other substances throughout the body.
result in a test can indicate that the liver isn’t working properly. The normal
range is 3.5–5.0 grams per deciliter (g/dL). However, low albumin can be a
result of poor nutrition and kidney disease.
- Bilirubin test
product from the breakdown of red blood cells is called Bilirubin.
damaged liver, Bilirubin can’t be properly processed. It leads to a high level
of bilirubin in the blood which indicates that the liver is not working
range for total bilirubin is typically 0.1–1.2 milligrams per deciliter
one need Liver Function Tests?
whether the liver is working properly or not. Such functions are:
- It removes contaminants,
bacteria from the blood.
- Converts nutrients from the
- Stores minerals and
- It regulates blood sugar
- It produces cholesterol,
proteins, enzymes, and bile.
of Liver Disorder:
- Ascites (fluid collection in
- Dark urine
- Nausea, Diarrhea
- Abdominal pain
of Liver Function Test:
administer the test:
- The healthcare provider will
clean the skin, decrease the microorganisms.
- They likely wrap an elastic
strap on the arm. It will make your veins more visible. They will use a
needle to draw samples of blood from your arm.
- After this, a healthcare
provider will place some bandages over the puncture site. Then they will
send the blood sample to a laboratory for testing.
Function Tests Risks:
- Bleeding Under The Skin, Or
- Excessive Bleeding Fainting And
After Liver Function Test?
leave after the test. During the blood draw, you should rest if you feel faint
before you leave the facility. The results of tests may help your doctor to
determine the next steps. With the results, your doctor will call you or
discuss them with you. He will review your medications and your past medical history if your
results indicate some problem with your liver. If you drink alcohol, then you will
need to stop drinking. Your doctor may decide to test you for hepatitis and
other infections. He may also choose to do an ultrasound or CT
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