The rapid spread of coronavirus, known as COVID-19, and the illness it causes has caused concern around the world. The World Health Organization (WHO) has given declaration of a worldwide health emergency, and in confirmed cases, many countries are dealing with a jump. It is abbreviated as CoV and is a large family of viruses that cause diseases that ranges from common colds to more critical conditions such as Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS-CoV) and Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS-CoV). A novel virus-like coronavirus (nCoV) is a new strain not previously discovered in humans. This virus can be spread between animals and humans; it is zoonotic. Clear studies showed that SARS-CoV was being spread to humans from civet cats and MERS-CoV from camels to humans. Many identified coronaviruses occur in animals not yet affected by humans. Scientists, however, assume the viruses spread in the respiratory system through fluids, such as mucus.
What are the causes of a coronavirus?
Without covering the mouth, coughing and sneezing will scatter droplets into the air, causing the virus to spread.
The virus can be transmitted between individuals by rubbing or shaking hands with a person who has the virus.
Enter an item or surface that has the virus and then cover the nose, eyes, or mouth.
Some animal coronaviruses, such as feline coronavirus (FCoV), can propagate via face communication.
causes of the virus are life-threatening, and many people across the
world are suffering from this deadly disease.
What are the symptoms of a coronavirus?
virus can cause pneumonia. Those who fell ill are reported to suffer
from cough, fever, and difficulty breathing. In severe cases, organ
failure may occur. Antibiotics are of no use as this is viral
pneumonia. The antiviral drugs we have against the flu aren’t going
to work. Recovery depends upon immune system strength. Many who died
were already in poor health. The other
other common symptoms of COVID-19 are fever, dry cough, and trouble
breathing. Before respiratory symptoms arise, there were few records
of gastrointestinal symptoms (nausea, vomiting, or diarrhea),
although that is mainly a respiratory virus. Those with the infection
may not have any apparent (asymptomatic) symptoms, or symptoms
ranging from mild to extreme. In some cases, the virus may cause
pneumonia and may have life-threatening effects.
When to seek a doctor?
you feel sick with fever, cough, or difficulty breathing or you came
in close contact with COVID-19 suffering person, or if you live in
or have recently traveled from an area of continuing COVID-19
outbreak, call the healthcare provider. Your health care professional
will consult with the Department of Public Health and CDC in your
state to decide if you need to have COVID-19 screened. Exactly how
contagious the current coronavirus remains is unclear. This tends to
propagate to those in close contact, from person to person. It can
spread by respiratory droplets released while someone is coughing or
sneezing with the virus.
Risk factors for COVID-19 tend to include:
travel or resident in a region of continuing COVID-19 spread as
determined by CDC or WHO Close contact with someone with COVID-19 —
for example, when a family member or health care provider is taking
care of an infected person.
the current coronavirus does not have a vaccine available to prevent
infection, you should take measures to reduce the chance of
infection. Following the usual precautions to stop respiratory
viruses, WHO and CDC recommend:
Keep washing your hands properly with soap and water regularly, or use a hand sanitizer based on the alcohol.
When you cough or sneeze, shield your mouth and nose with your forearm or tissue.
If the hands are not clean, avoid touching the eyes, nose, and mouth.
If you are ill, stop sharing of plates, cups, bedding, and other household items.
Clean and disinfect surfaces that you regularly encounter.
Stay home if you’re sick, from college, school, and public areas.
The World Health Organization also recommends-
eating raw meat or food organs, or undercooked. If you are visiting
live markets in places that have recently had new cases of this virus
attack, avoid contact with live animals and surfaces they might have
COVID-19-causing virus initially originated from an animal source,
but now travels from person to person. The virus is equivalent to a
person being able to get COVID-19 by contacting a substance or object
that should primarily spread between people who are in close contact
with each other (about 6 feet) by respiratory droplets created when
an infected person coughs or sneezes. It may also be possible for a
person to get COVID 19 by touching an object or substance with the
virus on it, but this is not considered to be the primary way the
How can one get protection from the virus?
proactive measures will help people protect themselves from
Avoid intimate contact with sick people.
Do not cross your lips, your nose, and your mouth with unwashed
Wash your hands properly, for at least 20 seconds, with soap and
water. Use an alcoholic hand sanitizer that contains at least 60
percent alcohol when there is no soap and water available.
vaccination or treatment for COVID-19 isn’t currently available.
Community-based measures such as school dismissals, cancelations of
activities, social distancing, and the development of employee plans
to work remotely will help to slow COVID-19 spread. Individuals
should take routine prevention measures such as frequent washing of
hands, staying home while sick, and covering coughs and sneezes.
and state authorities should make recommendations on the adoption of
health measures, in coordination with federal agencies where
appropriate, and depending on the nature of the epidemic and
seriousness of the disease. An implementation may require extensive
community engagement, including continuous and open correspondence
regarding public health.
stay healthy and avoid getting affected by the virus, follow the
preventive measures, and be cautious.