7 Common Causes Of Kidney Ailments & Measures To Improve Kidney Health

The kidneys are crucial organs in our body, which means that if they don’t work, we can’t live. They eliminate waste, maintain body fluid balance, and eliminate excess waste and water through urination. This procedure is required to maintain a steady chemical equilibrium in the body. When its function is irregular for whatever cause, principal, life-threatening problems might occur.

Kidney Diseases and Their Causes

Chronic kidney disease develops when an illness or condition inhibits kidney function for months or years, causing kidney damage to deteriorate.

Chronic kidney disease is caused by a variety of conditions and situations, including:

• Diabetes type 1 or type 2

• Hypertension (high blood pressure)

• Glomerulonephritis, which is an inflammation of the filtration units of the kidney (glomeruli)

• Interstitial nephritis is an inflammation of the tubules and other components of the kidney.

• Polycystic kidney disease (PKD), as well as other hereditary kidney illnesses

• Prolonged urinary tract obstruction caused by disorders such as an enlarged prostate, kidney stones, or certain malignancies.

• Vesicoureteral reflux is a condition in which urine backs up into the kidneys.

• Pyelonephritis, or recurrent kidney infection

There are various things you can do at any age to keep your kidneys as healthy as possible:

1. Eat a well-balanced diet

When you eat, your kidneys break down everything you take in. The foods you eat that are detrimental to your health, such as a lot of fat, a lot of dairies, a lot of salt, and a lot of sugar, can severely impact your kidneys. A poor diet can lead to high blood pressure, obesity, diabetes, and other disorders, all of which can harm your kidneys over time. Fibre-rich foods, fruits, nuts, and vegetables can help keep your kidneys in good working order. Refined and processed foods must be avoided.

2. Avoid taking NSAIDs regularly

If taken regularly, common pharmaceuticals such as non-steroidal anti-inflammatory (NSAID) pain relievers, such as ibuprofen, might affect the kidneys. Taking just a few dosages if you have renal disease or impaired kidney function can hurt your kidneys much more. Individuals with impaired kidney function should work with their primary care physician to develop a pain-management strategy that does not put their kidneys at risk by using over-the-counter medications.

3. Drink plenty of water

Water aids in delivering critical nutrients to your kidneys while also transporting waste to your bladder in the form of urine. For a healthy person, 8 cups or 2 litres (about) per day is usually sufficient. Consult your doctor about the proper fluid consumption given your medical history, age, and activity levels, depending on severe climatic or body conditions (such as heart or liver disease, pregnancy, etc.).

4. Monitor and manage your blood pressure.

High blood pressure can harm your kidneys, and it’s more likely when combined with other concerns like diabetes, high cholesterol, and heart disease. If you have high blood pressure, mainly young, you should talk to your doctor about the dangers. To prevent long-term kidney damage, you’ll need to make lifestyle changes and take medicine.

5. Exercise regularly

Being active can all achieve maintaining ideal body weight, lowering blood pressure, and reducing the risk of chronic renal disease. While exercise is an essential element of a healthy lifestyle, doing too much might cause kidney damage. It’s critical to establish the correct balance — begin slowly and gradually increase your workload. Keep hydrated because our bodies demand extra fluids while we exercise. If you’re at high risk for heart disease yet want to start exercising, talk to your doctor about developing an exercise plan that considers your medical history.

6. Avoid binge drinking.

Alcohol that is measured and consumed regularly usually has no adverse consequences. On the other hand, heavy drinking has been linked to a twofold increase in the risk of renal disease. Always check with your doctor to make sure that drinking alcohol is safe for you. Even though it is safe to drink, it is critical to do so in moderation.

7. Give up smoking

The flow of blood to our organs is slowed when we smoke. The ability of the kidneys to work correctly can be harmed when blood reaches them. It also doubles the risk of kidney cancer by roughly half. The best way is stop smoking.

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